1) What is Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)?

Answer: The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) allows a country with an emission-reduction or emission-limitation commitment under the Kyoto Protocol (Annex B Party) to implement an emission-reduction project in developing countries. The mechanism stimulates sustainable development and emission reductions, while giving industrialized countries some flexibility in how they meet their emission reduction or limitation targets under Kyoto Protocol.

2) What are the benefits of implementing CDM Projects in Bangladesh?


  • Emission Reduction: Emission reduction can be possible from various fields such as Efficient Brick Manufacturing Process, Urban Solid Waste Management, Sugar Cogeneration, Combined Heating & Power (CHP) etc.
  • Electrification in Rural Areas: Electrification in off grid rural areas can be possible through Solar Home System (SHS) in Bangladesh, which already regarded as the most successful CDM project in Bangladesh.
  • Efficient Use of Energy: Efficient use of Energy can be ensured through various energy efficiency improvement projects which largely reduce the energy consumption and proper utilization of energy.
  • Preventing Deforestation: Various CDM projects can help reduce acquiring forest wood and projects alike afforestation and reforestation will help to save the countries environment.
  • Health Issues: Various issues regarding health hazard i.e. Indoor Air Pollution (IAP), Women and Children Respiratory Diseases could be eliminated through the implementation of CDM projects.
  • Sustainable Development: Sustainable development can be possible with merging process of production and consumption which in a way that is safe and compatible with the environment and ensuring without interruption of future generation needs
  • Energy Business Model: This can be an important Energy Business Model for the creating business opportunity as well as job scope for the countrymen in environment protection and development sector.

3) What is Energy Audit?

Answer: An Energy Audit is an inspection, survey and analysis of energy flows for energy conservation in a building, process or system to reduce the amount of energy input into the system without negatively affecting the output. In commercial and industrial real estate, an energy audit is the first step in identifying opportunities to reduce energy expense and carbon footprints.

4) How does an organization can be benefited from conducting an Energy Audit?

A company can be benefitted through several ways by conducting energy audit process like:

  • Identifying scope of energy conservation in company premises
  • Efficient Energy Management system inclusion in company operation
  • Reducing Energy Cost by using efficient use of energy
  • Proper Utilization of Energy through the energy efficient appliances

5) What is Energy Efficiency?

Answer: Energy efficiency is the using of less energy to provide the same service. It’s the technique through which efficient use of energy is ensured but with the optimum use of input energy.

6) What are the benefits of Energy Efficiency Projects?

Several prospects of Energy Efficiency Projects are:

  • Proficient use of energy can be possible by taking energy efficiency improvement project
  • Cost saving can be ensured by using appliance use less energy input for same service
  • Assuring proper management of energy appliance through planning and organization
  • Economic benefit can be achievable by using energy security and sustainability

7) What is Carbon Footprint?

Answer: It is the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere as a result of the activities of a particular individual, organization, or community. This accounts the total amount of greenhouse gases produced to directly and indirectly support human activities, usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).

8) What does Carbon Footprint Assessment mean?

Answer: It is an assessment process which is conducted to identify the total amount of greenhouse gases produced to directly and indirectly support human activities, regarding scope of work to offset the emission and a management process through which carbon emission offsetting can be achievable.

9) Why Carbon Footprint Assessment is necessary for a business?


  • Cost savings in the company’s business operation
  • Enhanced competitiveness through the use of efficient energy
  • Reduced carbon tax liability through the energy management process
  • Increased brand value by affixing energy star labeling in the product
  • Reduced environmental impact with running sustainable business operation

10) What is Green Banking?

Answer: A green bank is a public or quasi-public financing institution that provides low-cost, long-term financing support to clean, low-carbon projects by leveraging public funds through the use of various financial mechanisms to attract private investment so that each public money supports multiple moneys of private investment.

11) What are the benefits of going green for Banks and Financial Institutions?


  • Basically Ethical (Green) banking avoids as much paper work as possible and rely on online/electronic transactions for processing so that you get green credit cards and green mortgages. Less paperwork means less cutting of trees.
  • Creating awareness to business people about environmental and social responsibility enabling them to do a environmental friendly business practice.
  • Green (Ethical) banks adopt and implement environmental standards for lending, which is really a proactive idea that would enable eco-friendly business practices which would benefit our future generations.
  • The interest of that loan is comparatively less with normal banks because ethical banks give more importance to environmental friendly factors - ecological gains. Natural resources conservation is also one of the underlying principles in a green bank while assessing capital/operating loans to extracting/industrial business sector. Stimulate demand by covering 100% of the upfront costs with a mixture of public and private financing
  • Leverage public funds by attracting much greater private investment to clean energy and efficiency markets
  • Recycle public capital so as to expand green investment and leave taxpayers unharmed
  • Scale out clean energy solutions as fast as possible, maximizing clean electricity and efficiency gains per state money

12) What is Environmental Risk Management (ERM)?

Answer: Environmental Risk Management (ERM) is a process with strong emphasis on targeting the problems that could arise and implements a system of metrics that help with prevention the risk associated with environmental degradation through the operation. Companies and organizations must assess, mitigate, and monitor specific area of risk on the local and global environment. Accidents, natural events, and deliberate assaults are all possible ways for an enterprise to cause pollution or other risks, in order to limit, and hopefully prevent these situations.

13) What is the benefit of assessing ERM?


  • Ensuring Sustainable Business growth
  • Improved brand value and reputation
  • Adding competitive business advantage
  • Improving overall business operation and management
  • Overall risk management for the company

14) What is Clean Cookstove (ICS)?

Answer: A stove is the combination of heat generation and heat transfer to a cooking pot. Cook stoves are commonly called “improved” if they are more “efficient” than the traditional cook stoves. “Efficient” in terms of energy efficiency, that how much efficiently it can utilize the energy in case of cooking.

15) What is the difference between ICS & Traditional Stove?

IssuesTraditional StoveICS
Heat Trapping SystemWeakYes through sealed body with insulated material
Self-Heat ConsumptionHugeNegligible amount
Corrosion ProblemYes, cause dimension change of body, air inlet/ Outlet and feed holesNo
Installation TypeFixedCan be portable
Ready to goAfter installation required certain time for ensuring dry stove is thoroughly rubbedReady to use immediately
Body fracture/crackRequired smoothen the body with mud or cow dung at least twice a weekNo such problem
Health Hazard issues by Smoke exertionHuge smoke exertion cause high level Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) cause several respiratory complexityExert minimal level of smoke which cause less harm to physic
Fuel Wood SavingUse large amount of wood for cooking Comparatively less wood required
Cost savingHuge cost for fuel expense50% cost saving than traditional stove in fuel expense

16) What are the benefits of using ICS over traditional stove?

Answer: Benefits of ICS over Traditional Stoves are:

  • Less smoke in the kitchen
  • Thermal Efficiency: 26%-29% (traditional stove: 5% - 15%)
  • Fuel saving: 50% - 60%
  • Significant reduction of indoor air pollution in kitchens
  • Reduction of cooking fuel by about 50% - biomass saving
  • Saving of money
  • Reduced burden on forest resources
  • Improvement of soil by increased use of bio-fertilizer
  • Cooking time saving
  • Clean kitchen & pots
  • Income generation for builders and trainers

17) What is Green Product?

Answer: Green Product refer to products, services or practices that allow for economic development while conserving for future generations. A green product has less environmental impact or is less detrimental to human health than the traditional product equivalent. While on the topic of defining a green product, almost no product will ever be 100% “green,” since all product development will have some impact on the surrounding environment. It all comes down to degrees of impact and as, trading off between impacts.

18) What is Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)?

Answer: Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) describe the environmental condition of a project, including potential impact, formulation of mitigation measures, and preparation of institutional requirements and environmental monitoring. IEE is a first assessment of the reasonably foreseeable impacts on the environment of a proposed activity or activities. These impacts often depend on the environmental mitigation and monitoring activities specified in the IEE. The purpose of the IEE is to provide sufficient information and analysis to reach conclusions (or threshold determinations) regarding the environmental effects of each proposed activity.

19) What is Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)?

Answer: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is the process by which the anticipated effects on the environment of a proposed development or project are measured. If the likely effects are unacceptable, design measures or other relevant mitigation measures can be taken to reduce or avoid those effects.

20) What is Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP)?

Answer: Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) describes the plan of processes and activities that need to take place to characterize and monitor the quality of the environment. Environmental Monitoring Plan is used in the preparation of environmental impact assessments, as well as in many circumstances in which human activities carry a risk of harmful effects on the natural environment. All monitoring strategies and programs have reasons and justifications which are often designed to establish the current status of an environment or to establish trends in environmental parameters. In all cases the results of monitoring will be reviewed, analyzed statistically and published. The design of a monitoring plan must therefore have regard to the final use of the data before monitoring starts.

21) What is Water Footprint Assessment?

Answer: Water Footprint Assessment (WFA) is a structured process for quantifying and mapping the green, blue and grey water footprint, assessing the sustainability of the water footprint and identifying strategic actions to reduce the water footprint and improve its sustainability.